It is a recognized reality that clean water is completely essential for healthy living. A sufficient supply of fresh and clean drinking water is a fundamental need for all human, yet it has been observed that billions of people around the world are being deprived of this.
Water pollution is one of many problems that has been occurring on earth. When we say water pollution, we refer to the contamination of bodies of water. Water pollution takes place when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water without sufficient treatment to eliminate harmful compounds.
Human contagious diseases are the most severe effects of water pollution especially in places where sanitation may be inadequate or absent. Waterborne diseases come about when disease-causing microorganisms are transmitted through contaminated water.
Here are the possible effects and diseases that can be brought about by water pollution.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that is triggered by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The major symptoms are copious quantities of watery diarrhea and vomiting. The transmission of cholera is primarily through consuming contaminated drinking water or food. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to a rapid lack of fluid and dehydration as well as an electrolyte imbalance.
• Typhoid fever
Typhoid fever, which is also known as typhoid, is a common universal illness, spread by the ingestion of food or infected water which has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person, which contain the bacterium Salmonella Enterica and Serovar Typhi.
Hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation of the liver and typified by the presence of inflamed cells in the tissue of the organ. Hepatitis can possibly be caught by eating seafood that has been poisoned or contaminated by water pollutants.
• E-coli infections
E-coli infections can be caught by coming into contact with the stools of humans and animals. This can happen when a person drinks water that has been contaminated by feces.