The world has been continually facing many environmental problems that affect all forms of life. Life on earth has been distressed by the growing number of ecological problems that are mostly caused by humans themselves.
You may see people dumping trash into the river. You may have seen ships sailing across the sea. You may have heard about oil spill from ships. You may be aware of dynamite fishing. If so, then you may have also noticed that these things contribute to one of the ecological problems that we encounter.
The unfavorable, hostile, and unpleasant change in the state of water when contaminated with unsafe and perilous substances is water pollution. Water pollution takes place when pollutants are released directly or indirectly into bodies of water without sufficient treatment to eliminate damaging compounds.
Water pollution is the second most imperative environmental concern along with air pollution. Any change or modification in the physical, chemical and biological properties of water that has a detrimental consequence on living things is water pollution. All the foremost water bodies of the world such as lakes, rivers, oceans and groundwater are affected by such problem.. Polluted water is unfit, unhealthy, and dangerous for drinking and for other consumption processes. It is also not apt for agricultural and industrial assistance. What has been contributing to the existing and seem-to-be undying water pollution is domestic and agricultural waste, and industrial effluents. Other sources comprise of oil spills, atmospheric deposition, marine dumping, radioactive waste, global warming and eutrophication. This water pollution is harmful to human beings, plants, animals, fish and birds. Contaminated water also houses and contains viruses, bacteria, intestinal parasites, and other harmful microorganisms, which can originate waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, and typhoid. Due to water pollution, the entire ecosystem is being disturbed.